Comprehensive Approach

The Comprehensive Approach provides an overall concept for policy and action in international crisis and conflict management. Its purpose is to:

  • coordinate, bundle and optimally employ
  • resources of diplomacy, development cooperation, the civilian peace corps, military and police,
  • within and between organizations and institutions
  • at the local, national, and international levels
  • with the goal of effectively resolving international (violent) conflicts, thereby contributing international, European, and German peace and security.


The challenge is to organize institutions and instruments of crisis prevention and crisis management in such a way that complexity is reduced, coherence of action increased, and a maximum of resources made available in a timely fashion. The interaction between institutions can range from information exchange, coordination and cooperation while maintaining a division of labor, up to integrated action by the actors involved.

Working Group on the Comprehensive Approach

ZIF is hosting an interagency Working Group on the Comprehensive Approach that provides analytical and conceptual input into policy making. The Working Group’s coordinator works on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The Federal Ministry of Defense (BMVg) has seconded a liaison officer. ZIF staff is responsible for liaising with the Federal Foreign Office (AA). Cooperation with the Federal Ministry of the Interior (BMI) takes place according to needs.


The activities of the Working Group include

  • Policy briefings, working papers, and expert reports;
  • Policy advice to federal ministries, Bundestag (especially the Parliamentary Subcommittee on Civilian Crisis Prevention, Conflict Management and the Comprehensive Approach), implementing organizations, and NGOs;
  • Recommendations on implementing the Comprehensive Approach in ZIF’s Human Resources and Training activities.

Training Partner Platform and Joint Training Activities

The complexity of many UN, EU, and OSCE peace operations requires the cooperation of civilian, police, and military mission components. Joint training, exchange of experiences, and collective use of resources are therefore essential. In this context the Training Partner Platform was established in November 2008. Most of its courses are available to participants from all participating departments and implementing organizations. The brochure "Training for Peace Operations. The German Contribution" provides an overview.


The Training Partner Platform includes ZIF, the UN Training Centre of the Bundeswehr (Hammelburg), the German Armed Forces Command and Staff College (Hamburg), the North-Rhine-Westphalian Police Agency for Training, Professional Development and Personnel (Brühl), the Federal Police Academy (Lübeck), the Police Academy of Baden-Württemberg (Wertheim), and the German Academy for International Cooperation (Bad Honnef) a subsidiary of the Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) [LINK]. Additional members include the Federal Ministries of the Interior (BMI), for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), and – due to the increasing deployment of judges and public prosecutors – of Justice (BMJ).


Jointly developed and conducted training measures include


ZIF also enrolls members of its Expert Roster in other courses offered by the training partners.


Members of the ZIF Expert Roster also participate in civil-military exercises such as VIKING 2018.