The Comprehensive Approach provides an overall concept for policy and action in international crisis and conflict management. Its purpose is to:
- coordinate, bundle and optimally employ
- resources of diplomacy, development cooperation, the civilian peace corps, military and police,
- within and between organizations and institutions
- at the local, national, and international levels
- with the goal of effectively resolving international (violent) conflicts, thereby contributing international, European, and German peace and security.
The challenge is to organize institutions and instruments of crisis prevention and crisis management in such a way that complexity is reduced, coherence of action increased, and a maximum of resources made available in a timely fashion. The interaction between institutions can range from information exchange, coordination and cooperation while maintaining a division of labor, up to integrated action by the actors involved.
Working Group on the Comprehensive Approach
ZIF is hosting an interagency Working Group on the Comprehensive Approach that provides analytical and conceptual input for implementing the Comprehensive Approach in international peace operations. The Working Group’s coordinator works on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The Federal Ministry of Defense (BMVg) has seconded a liaison officer. ZIF staff is responsible for liaising with the Federal Foreign Office (AA). Cooperation with the Federal Ministry of the Interior (BMI) takes place according to needs.
The activities of the Working Group include
- Policy briefings, working papers, and expert reports;
- Policy advice to federal ministries, Bundestag (especially the Parliamentary Subcommittee on Civilian Crisis Prevention, Conflict Management and the Comprehensive Approach), implementing organizations, and NGOs;
- Recommendations on implementing the Comprehensive Approach in ZIF’s Human Resources and Training activities.
Working Group on Peace and Development (FriEnt)
Since 2011, ZIF is member of the Working Group on Peace and Development (FriEnt), an association of governmental and non-governmental organizations. FriEnt pools capacities, supports networking and cooperation, and strengthens the contribution of development cooperation to sustainable conflict transformation.
Training Partner Platform and Joint Training Activities
The complexity of many UN, EU, and OSCE peace operations requires the cooperation of civilian, police, and military mission components. Joint training, exchange of experiences, and collective use of resources are therefore essential. In this context the Training Partner Platform was established in November 2008. Most of its courses are available to participants from all participating departments and implementing organizations. The brochure "Training for Peace Operations. The German Contribution" provides an overview.
The Training Partner Platform includes ZIF, the UN Training Centre of the Bundeswehr (Hammelburg), the German Armed Forces Command and Staff College (Hamburg), the North-Rhine-Westphalian Police Agency for Training, Professional Development and Personnel (Brühl), the Federal Police Academy (Lübeck), the Police Academy of Baden-Württemberg (Wertheim), and the German Academy for International Cooperation (Bad Honnef) a subsidiary of the Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) [LINK www.giz.de]. Additional members include the Federal Ministries of the Interior (BMI), for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), and – due to the increasing deployment of judges and public prosecutors – of Justice (BMJ).
Jointly developed and conducted training measures include
- Modules for the ZIF Core Course and Hostile Environment Awareness Training (HEAT) (in cooperation with the German Armed Forces United Nations Training Centre);
- UN Mission Administration and Field Support courses (in cooperation with the UN Department of Field Support (DFS) and the German Armed Forces Command and Staff College);
- Mentoring and Advising courses (jointly with various training partners);
- Intercultural Communication and Gender courses (jointly with the police academies);
- Comprehensive Approaches in Multi-Functional Peace Support Operations courses (in cooperation with the German Armed Forces Command and Staff College).
ZIF also enrolls members of its Expert Roster in other courses offered by the training partners.
Members of the ZIF Expert Roster also participate in civil-military exercises such as VIKING 2018.